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  • LP Gas Safety

    With our area's reliance on (and prominence of) Liquid Propane, this page was included as an brief information resource.

    Proper precautions and care should always be observed when dealing with this gas and common sense should be the priority. Armed with even a basic understanding of Propane is a step in the right direction.

    So, reduce your risk through education, and maintain your safety through common sense.

    Other Propane Info Resources

  • Propane Facts by the Propane Council
  • Grill Safety
  • LPG Appliance Safety from the Propane Council

  • What is LP Gas?

    Liquefied Petroleum Gas is derived from 2 principal sources. It may be extracted with crude oil or natural gas from the earth or be produced during the refining process. The two most common LP gasses are propane and butane. LP gas is widely used as a domestic fuel because it is convenient, relatively inexpensive and safe when handled correctly.

    As with any fuel however, certain simple safety precautions must be observed in its use.

    Characteristics of LP Gas

    LP gas is usually stored as a liquid under pressure. When released into the atmosphere at any temperature above its boiling point, -42 C for propane and 0 C for butane, it will change from a liquid to vapor. LPG on bare skin causes frostbite. LPG is heavier than air. In both its liquid and vapor states, it is colorless and odorless. Odorizing agent is usually added to it to ensure that any leakage can be detected by smell. LPG is considered to be nontoxic but may have some anesthetic effect if inhaled in high concentrations.

    Safety Tips

    When using LPG appliances or equipment, always follow manufacturer's directions and maintain them in a clean and undamaged condition. Before operating equipment, be sure connections are tight.

    If leaks are present:

  • Turn off and check connections.
  • Do not operate until the leak is fixed.
  • Be aware that LPG is heavier than air and will settle in low spots such as cellars or drains.
  • Ventilate area well.

    If filling your own cylinders, do not overfill. The usual maximum filling ratio is about 80 percent of volume. LPG expands as the temperature rises, and unless sufficient space is available to permit this expansion, the container could become over-pressurized.

    Keep cylinders upright, even when empty, to ensure the pressure relief valve can operate effectively. A cylinder lying horizontally and involved in fire is more likely to burst. Ensure the pressure relief valve is pointed away from the structure supporting the cylinder, in case the relief valve operates and the discharge ignites.

    When using a gas barbecue or other LPG equipment outdoors, be sure the area is clear and free from any ground fuel or litter that may ignite in the event of a fire.

    Protect cylinders from direct sun. On extremely hot days, if the relief valve operates, cool the cylinder with water. Keep cylinders clear of rubbish or brush. Any fire around the cylinder will increase the pressure within. Where possible, secure portable cylinders. If the relief valve operates, unsecured cylinders can move about rapidly and erratically because of a sudden release of it's contents.

    Follow these simple precautions to ensure your safety when using LP Gas.

    Call 911 if a leak or fire occurs when using LP Gas equipment.

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